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Author Topic: Cut numbers, and other abbreviations...  (Read 6964 times)
N0BLT
Member

Posts: 21




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« on: May 20, 2012, 04:55:06 PM »

Hi all,
Ive got some questions in this pursuit of learning code.  If you like, you could just copy and paste a list of any of these items in this post, you think are NOT worth the time learning?  Maybe they ALL are valuable knowing.  I definitely have the time, and the desire.  I'd appreciate any of you skilled cw ops steering me properly.

Have you all heard of cut numbers?  And, if so, are they used much?

Cut Numbers...

in sending RST reports in abbreviated form, for example 599, is sent as 5NN. "N" in place of the number "9".".
Also CW stations sometimes report their zones as "A4" or "A5" instead of sending "14" or "15".
0 = T  1 = A   2 = U  3 = V   4 = 4  
5 = E   6 = 6  7 = B  8 = D  9 = N

I've also heard you could use a LONG dash in place of a zero.  Is this true?  
Could I ever, under any circumstances, get away with using an extra long dah (cut zero) in my call sign of N0BLT?


In making of my audio cw study files, which of these abbreviations should I occasionally intermix?  Which should I SKIP???  
Maybe just cut and paste any, from the list below, you DON"T think worthwhile and too obscure?

I REALLY appreciate the help.  My learning narrative continued WAY at the bottom of the list.
Thanks, Brian

AA -       All after
<AA>    End Of Line
AB -       All before
ABT -     About
ADEE -   Addressee
ADR -     Address
ADS -     Address
AGN -     Again
AM -      Amplitude Modulation
ANI -      Any
ANS -     Answer
ANT -     Antenna
<AR>    End of message
<AS>    Stand by; wait
<AT> - used for the @ sign for E-Mail Addresses New proposal is AC run together

BCI -     Broadcast Interference
BCL -    Broadcast Listener
BCNU - Be seeing you
BD -      Bad
BK -     Break, Break in
BN -     All between; Been
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
BTH  Both
BTR -   Better
BTW -  By The Way
BUG -  Semi-Automatic key
BURO -Bureau
B4 -     Before
C -       Yes, Correct
CB -     CallBook
CBA - Callbook Address
CFM -  Confirm; I confirm
CK -    Ckeck
CKT -  Circuit
CL -     I am closing my station; Call
CLBK - Callbook
CLD -  Called
CLG -  Calling
CMG - Coming
CNT -  Can't
CONDX - Conditions
CPI -   Copy
CQ -    Calling any station
CRD -  Card
CS -     Call Sign
CU -    See You
CUAGN - See You Again
CUD  - Could
CUL -  See You later
CUM - Come
CUZ -  Because
CW -   Continuous wave
DA -     Day
DE -     From, This Is
DIFF -  Difference
DLD -   Delivered
DLVD - Delivered
DN -     Down
DR -     Dear
DSW -  Russian CW abbreviation for goodbye.
DWN -  Down
DX -     Distance
EL -     Element
ES -     And
ENUF - Enough
EU -     Europe
EVE -  Evening
FB -     Fine Business, excellent
FER -   For
FM -    Frequency Modulation: From
FONE - Phone
FQ -     Frequency
Freq -- Frequency
FWD -- Forward
GA -     Go ahead; Good Afternoon
GB -     Good bye, God Bless
GD -     Good, Good Day
GE -     Good Evening
GESS - Guess
GG -     Going
GLD -- Glad
GM -    Good morning
GN -     Good night
GND -   Ground
GP --    Ground Plane
GS -     Green Stamp
GUD -   Good
GV -     Give
GVG -  Giving <HH> Error in sending
HI - The telegraph laugh; High
HPE -   Hope
HQ -    Headquarters
HR -    Here; Hear, Hour
HRD -  Heard
HRS -  Hours
HRD -- Heard
HV -    Have
HVG - Having
HVY - Heavy
HW -   How, How Copy? II  --     I Repeat
<II> Short form of <HH>
<IMI> -    Repeat, Say Again
INFO - Info
JA -    Japanese Station
K -       Invitation To Transmit
KA    Beginning of message
KLIX - KeyClicks
KN    Go only, invite a specific station to transmit
LID -     A poor operator
LNG -   Long
LP -     Long Path
LSN -   Listen
LTR -   Later; letter
LV -     Leave
LVG -  Leaving
LW -    Long Wire., Long Wave MA -    Millamperes
MGR -  Manager
MI -     My
MILL - Typewiter
MILS -  Millamperes
MNI -    Many
MOM - Moment
MSG -  Message; Prefix to radiogram
MULT - Multiplier N -       No, Negative, Incorrect, No More
N -       Nine (as in Signal Report)
NCS -  Net Control Station
ND -     Nothing Doing
NIL -    Nothing; I have nothing for you;   Not In Log
NM -    No more
<NR> -     Number, Near
NW -    Now; I resume transmission
OB -    Old boy
OC -    Old chap
OK -    Correct
OM -    Old man
OP -    Operator
OPR -  Operator
OT -    Old timer; Old top
OW -   Old Woman PBL -    Preamble
PKG -    Package
PSE -    Please
PT -      Point
PWR -   Power
PX -      Press, Prefix R -       Received as transmitted; Are;
R -       Decimal Point  (with numbers)
RC -     Ragchew
RCD -   Received
RCVR - Receiver
RE -     Concerning; Regarding
REF -   Refer to; Referring to; Reference
RFI -    Radio frequency interference
RIG -    Station equipment
ROTFL - Rolling on the floor laughing
RPT -   Repeat, Report
RTTY - Radio teletype
RST -   Readability, strength, tone
RX -     Receive, Receiver
SA -        Say
SASE -    Self-addressed, stamped envelope
SED -      Said
SAE -     Self-Addressed Envelope
SEZ -      Says
SGD -     Signed
SHUD -   Should
SIG -      Signature; Signal
SINE -    Operator's personal initials or nickname
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)
SK -       Silent Key
SKED -   Schedule
SN -       Soon
SP -       Short Path
SRI -      Sorry
SS -       Sweepstakes
SSB -     Single Side Band
STN -     Station
SUM -    Some
SVC -     Service; Prefix to service message
SWL -   Short Wave Listener
/ST short timer on check in T -         Zero (with numbers)
TEMP - Temperature
TEST - Testing or Contest
TFC -    Traffic
TIA -     Thanks In Advance
TMW -  Tomorrow
TKS -    Thanks
TNX -    Thanks
TR -      Transmit
T/R -     Transmit/Receive
TRBL - Trouble
TRIX -   Tricks
TRX -    Transceiver
TT -      That
TTS -    That is
TU -      Thank you
TVI -     Television interference
TX -      Transmitter; Transmit
TXT -    Text U -        You
UFB -    Ultra Fine Business
UNLIS - Unlicensed
UR -      Your; You're
URL -    Universal Resource Locator
            Address For a WebPage
URS -    Yours
VE    Understood (VE)
VERT - Vertical
VFB -    Very fine business
VFO -    Variable Frequency Oscillator
VY -      Very W -     Watts
WA -   Word after
WATSA - What Say
WB -    Word before
WD -   Word
WDS -  Words
WID -   With
WKD -  Worked
WKG -  Working
WL -    Well; Will
WPM - Words Per Minute
WRD - Word
WRK - Work
WUD - Would
WW -  Would
WX-    Weather XCVR -    Transceiver
XMAS -   Christmas
XMTR -    Transmitter
XTAL -     Crystal
XYL -        Wife
YF -Wife
YL -   Young lady
YR -   Year
Z - Zulu Time 30 -   I have no more to send
33 -  Fondest Regards
55 -  Best Success
73 -   Best Regards (NOT 73'S) *
88 -   Love and kisses (NOT 88'S)

161 - 73+88=161"

Prosigns
<AA>    End Of Line
<AAA>  Full Stop
<AR>    End of message
<AS>    Stand by; wait
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
<HH>    (Error in sending. 8 dits - Transmission continues with last word correctly sent.)
<II>       Short form of above <HH>
<IMI>    Repeat; I say again. (Difficult or unusual words or groups.)
<NR>    Number follows
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)

Q-Signals For Amateur Radio Operators
Q-Sig Message
QRA What is the name of your station? The name of my station is ___.
QRB How far are you from my station? I am ____ km from you station
QRD Where are you bound and where are you coming from? I am bound ___ from ___.
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency? Your exact frequency is ___ kHz.
QRH Does my frequency vary? Your frequency varies.
QRI How is the tone of my transmission? The tone of your transmission is ___ (1-Good, 2-Variable, 3-Bad.)
QRJ Are you receiving me badly? I cannot receive you, your signal is too weak.
QRK What is the intelligibility of my signals? The intelligibility of your signals is ___ (1-Bad, 2-Poor, 3-Fair, 4-Good, 5-Excellent.)
QRL Are you busy? I am busy, please do not interfere
QRM Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being interfered with ___ (1-Nil, 2-Slightly, 3-Moderately, 4-Severly, 5-Extremely.)
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static ___ (1-5 as under QRM.)
QRO Shall I increase power? Increase power.
QRP Shall I decrease power? Decrease power.
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (___ WPM.)
QRR Are you ready for automatic operation? I am ready for automatic operation. Send at ___ WPM.
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (___ WPM.)
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you.
QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
QRW Shall I inform ___ that you are calling? Please inform ___ that I am calling.
QRX When will you call me again? I will call you again at ___ hours.
QRY What is my turn? Your turn is numbered ___.
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ___.
QSA What is the strength of my signals? The strength of your signals is ___ (1-Scarcely perceptible, 2-Weak, 3-Fairly Good, 4-Good, 5-Very Good.)
QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSD Is my keying defective? Your keying is defective.
QSG Shall I send ___ messages at a time? Send ___ messages at a time.
QSJ What is the charge to be collected per word to ___ including your international telegraph charge? The charge to be collected per word is ___ including my international telegraph charge.
QSK Can you hear me between you signals and if so can I break in on your transmission? I can hear you between my signals, break in on my transmission.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM Shall I repeat the last message which I sent you? Repeat the last message.
QSN Did you hear me on ___ kHz? I did hear you on ___ kHz.
QSO Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay? I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___.)
QSP Will you relay to ___? I will relay to ___.
QSQ Have you a doctor on board? (or is ___ on board?) I have a doctor on board (or ___ is on board.)
QSU Shall I send or reply on this frequency? Send a series of Vs on this frequency.
QSV Shall I send a series of Vs on this frequency? Send a series of Vs on this frequency.
QSW Will you send on this frequency? I am going to send on this frequency.
QSY Shall I change to another frequency? Change to another frequency.
QSZ Shall I send each word or group more than once? Send each word or group twice (or ___ times.)
QTA Shall I cancel message number ___? Cancel message number ___.
QTB Do you agree with my counting of words? I do not agree with your counting of words. I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC How many messages have you to send? I have ___ messages for you.
QTE What is my true bearing from you? Your true bearing from me is ___ degrees.
QTG Will you send two dashes of 10 seconds each followed by your call sign? I am going to send two dashes of 10 seconds each followed by my call sign.
QTH What is your location? My location is ___.
QTI What is your true track? My true track is ___ degrees.
QTJ What is your speed? My speed is ___ km/h.
QTL What is your true heading? My true heading is ___ degrees.
QTN At what time did you depart from ___? I departed from ___ at ___ hours.
QTO Have you left dock (or port)? I have left dock (or port).
QTP Are you going to enter dock (or port)? I am going to enter dock (or port.)
QTQ Can you communicate with my station by means of the International Code of Signals? I am going to communicate with your station by means of the International Code of Signals.
QTR What is the correct time? The time is ___.
QTS Will you send your call sign for ___ minutes so that your frequency can be measured? I will send my call sign for ___ minutes so that my frequency may be measured.
QTU What are the hours during which your station is open? My station is open from ___ hours to ___ hours.
QTV Shall I stand guard for you on the frequency of ___ kHz? Stand guard for me on the frequency of ___ kHz.
QTX Will you keep your station open for further communication with me? I will keep my station open for further communication with you.
QUA Have you news of ___? I have news of ___.
QUB Can you give me information concerning visibility, height of clouds, direction and velocity of ground wind at ___? Here is the information you requested...
QUC What is the number of the last message you received from me? The number of the last message I received from you is ___.
QUD Have you received the urgency signal sent by ___? I have received the urgency signal sent by ___.
QUF Have you received the distress signal sent by ___? I have received the distress signal sent by ___.
QUG Will you be forced to land? I am forced to land immediately.
QUH Will you give me the present barometric pres

In learning code I'm exclusively using files of complete words.  Not random characters. I listen mostly while on bicycle rides.  I find, making out words, as I hear the characters, more rewarding.  Seems the overall process is slower, but I find the "head copy" definitely more fun!  I have learned 11 characters and am NOT going to add any others till I can head copy all my audio word files at 20wpm.  I'm almost there with these 11charaters.  I'm getting excited!  Mainly because I drastically SLOWED after switching from the 11 char's sent randomly (I was up to 20 wpm), to those same characters sent in complete words(head copoying).  After switching, I slowed to 13wpm and was missing most of them at all times.  I could only make out a character here and there.  Now over the months, I am again approaching that speed, of which I used to know, of 20wmp. YEAH!!!  In random words, instead of random characters.  Like I said, its much more fun and easy on bicycle. No paper and pencil for one!  And the bike gets me in the "zone--for learning" for some reason, and I can go for hours.  

This past few months have really gotten my love for learning code going!  I don't seem to care how long this process takes, to learn all 40 or so characters. It seems to be all about the journey, and not as much as the hurried running to the goal.  This will probably take me MUCH longer to learn this head copying of words at 20wpm before adding additional characters, and eventually getting on the air (CW), but like I said, the journey is much more fun now.  

« Last Edit: May 20, 2012, 05:52:33 PM by N0BLT » Logged
N2EY
Member

Posts: 3909




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« Reply #1 on: May 20, 2012, 08:06:57 PM »

Have you all heard of cut numbers?  And, if so, are they used much?

YEs, and they are used by contesters.

But do NOT use them for callsigns!

I've also heard you could use a LONG dash in place of a zero.  Is this true?  

In the "American Morse" code (used on the wire), a zero was an extra-long dash. Some hams use it for cut number purposes - but you can't send it with a keyer.

Could I ever, under any circumstances, get away with using an extra long dah (cut zero) in my call sign of N0BLT?

NO!


73 de Jim, N2EY
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K7KBN
Member

Posts: 2825




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« Reply #2 on: May 20, 2012, 08:36:06 PM »

Any of the abbreviations that are obviously for traffic handling won't be necessary unless you're involved in a traffic net.  There aren't that many CW traffic nets around any longer, AFAIK.

As far as the Operating Signals (Q-signals), keep a copy of ACP-131 handy.  Here's a good link.  I'm not sure if there is a later edition than the 1997 version, but Q-signals rarely change.  You won't need very many of them, and none of the Z-signals, unless you're involved in a MARS net.  And there aren't too many MARS CW nets around any longer - again AFAIK.

Link to ACP-131:  http://www.angelfire.com/va3/navy_mars/ACP131.pdf
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73
Pat K7KBN
CWO4 USNR Ret.
PA0BLAH
Member

Posts: 0




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« Reply #3 on: May 21, 2012, 03:03:16 PM »

@N0BLT

Quote
I've also heard you could use a LONG dash in place of a zero.  Is this true?  
Could I ever, under any circumstances, get away with using an extra long dah (cut zero) in my call sign of N0BLT?

Yes a long dash is sometimes generated for zero, however most electronic keyers can't.

It is not standard but it is inherited form American rail way Morse.
Just as hi is also inherited from American Morse code and hence often sent as h e e and that is in railway Morse ho the way the Christmas man is laughing.

No you are not permitted to transmit figures in calls in another shorter way, that is legally prohibited by the administration.

Concerning abbreviations: Only a pretty small subset is generally immediately understood. It has no sense to use abbreviations that are not immediately understood.

Retired radio officers have much more Q codes available to recall immediately from their mind, so when they QSO much more code is used during rag chewing. A lot of codes are also used with diverted meaning, such as QRP for children and QRL for the paid job you get your income from.

Yes the way you are exercising is excellent.  Personally I hate  wide spaced random code. It throws me back to less then half the speed I copy by head.  Furthermore random code may not be transmitted we have to transmit readable understandable text, not random because they could present an encrypted message.
« Last Edit: May 21, 2012, 03:18:22 PM by PA0BLAH » Logged
STAYVERTICAL
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Posts: 875




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« Reply #4 on: May 21, 2012, 04:45:25 PM »

I would like to see some more abbreviations, particularly for use in old 1950's monster movies.
As a classic SCI-FI movie affacionado, I would love to see DAM (Destroy All Monsters), or IGO (I'll Go Outside and check) used.
I don't see me having to use that much in normal ragchews, but then with all the earthquakes and such, you never know when
some long sleeping monster may be awakened.

73 - Rob
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VK2FAK
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Posts: 87




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« Reply #5 on: May 21, 2012, 06:51:54 PM »

Hi All...

what I don't understand are things like the  "?".......we shorten most things then some want to use a ?.......Hw Cpi.....2 shorten words with the first word indicating a question, but some "how to " sites still say send the ?......why.

John
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STAYVERTICAL
Member

Posts: 875




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« Reply #6 on: May 22, 2012, 12:34:28 AM »

Hi John,

I can see your point.
The ? symbol has a special place in morse code history.
It is used with Q codes to imply a question, and by itself to either request a repeat, either of a callsign if called, or of a question if asked.
It also used to be used in sending messages to request a repeat of text thus: ? AA (repeat All After ...).
So ? is a sort of metacharacter which can mean different things in certain contexts.
So if you are calling CQ and someone answers (or many answer), a ? on your part means - please repeat.

Also, many foreign hams who use CW, and who may not speak english well, communicate via stock phrases and Q codes.
If the question mark was not used, it may confuse a question with a statement, since English, like other languages,
is context sensitive.

In the end, I guess, it saves confusion and making the exchange longer as a result.
I am no Etymologist, but that's my take on the ?.

73 - Rob

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NR0U
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Posts: 28




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« Reply #7 on: May 22, 2012, 06:36:00 AM »

N0BLT - I'm a regular cw guy at an intermediate level...FWIW, here is your list cut down by what I hear on a regular basis.  Seriously though, you don't need to memorize some of this stuff...much of the modern texting jargon is normal(maybe they got it from ham radio?) and people will shortcut just about anything.  Some of this is not really stuff you need to memorize...if someone is talking about EU or JA, you know as a ham that they are talking about Europe and Japan...you already know this...

AGN -     Again
ANT -     Antenna
<AR>    End of message
BK -     Break, Break in
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
BTW -  By The Way
CONDX - Conditions
CPI -   Copy
CQ -    Calling any station
CU -    See You
CUAGN - See You Again
CUD  - Could
CUL -  See You later
CW -   Continuous wave
DE -     From, This Is
ES -     And
FB -     Fine Business, excellent
FER -   For
GA -     Good Afternoon
GD -     Good, Good Day
GE -     Good Evening
GM -    Good morning
GN -     Good night
GUD -   Good
HI - The telegraph laugh; High
HW -   How, How Copy?
JA -    Japanese Station
K -       Invitation To Transmit
KN    Go only, invite a specific station to transmit
LID -     A poor operator
OM -    Old man
OP -    Operator
OPR -  Operator
PSE -    Please
PWR -   Power
RIG -    Station equipment
RTTY - Radio teletype
RST -   Readability, strength, tone
SASE -    Self-addressed, stamped envelope
SHUD -   Should
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)
SK -       Silent Key
SKED -   Schedule
SRI -      Sorry
SS -       Sweepstakes
SSB -     Single Side Band
TEMP - Temperature
TEST - Testing or Contest
TKS -    Thanks
TNX -    Thanks
TU -      Thank you
UR -      Your; You're
VFB -    Very fine business
VY -      Very
W -     Watts
WID -   With
WPM - Words Per Minute
WUD - Would
WX-    Weather XCVR -    Transceiver
XMAS -   Christmas
XYL -        Wife
YL -   Young lady
73 -   Best Regards (NOT 73'S) *
Prosigns
<AR>    End of message
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
<HH>    (Error in sending. 8 dits - Transmission continues with last word correctly sent.)
<II>       Short form of above <HH>
<NR>    Number follows
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)

Q-Signals For Amateur Radio Operators
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency? Your exact frequency is ___ kHz.
QRL Are you busy? I am busy, please do not interfere
QRM Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being interfered with ___ (1-Nil, 2-Slightly, 3-Moderately, 4-Severly, 5-Extremely.)
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static ___ (1-5 as under QRM.)
QRP Shall I decrease power? Decrease power.
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (___ WPM.)
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ___.
QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSO Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay? I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___.)
QSY Shall I change to another frequency? Change to another frequency.
QTH What is your location? My location is ___.


Good Luck!
73 NR0U
Lance
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N3QE
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Posts: 2344




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« Reply #8 on: May 22, 2012, 06:36:35 AM »

Could I ever, under any circumstances, get away with using an extra long dah (cut zero) in my call sign of N0BLT?

As identification, never ever ever.

In casual conversation, using just the suffix (e.g. "BLT" for you) to refer to an op will be common, but not as an actual ID.

Quote
In making of my audio cw study files, which of these abbreviations should I occasionally intermix?  Which should I SKIP???  

In contest exchanges you will find "5NN", "ENN", "A4", "4TT" (ARRL DX for power), "TT3" (serial number) etc.

There are some contest simulators that I think do many of the above. I think it is entirely unnecessary to practice them any other way.

Tim.
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PA0BLAH
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« Reply #9 on: May 22, 2012, 09:42:26 AM »

N0BLT - I'm a regular cw guy at an intermediate level...FWIW, here is your list cut down by what I hear on a regular basis.  Seriously though, you don't need to memorize some of this stuff...much of the modern texting jargon is normal(maybe they got it from ham radio?) and people will shortcut just about anything.  Some of this is not really stuff you need to memorize...if someone is talking about EU or JA, you know as a ham that they are talking about Europe and Japan...you already know this...

AGN -     Again
ANT -     Antenna
<AR>    End of message
BK -     Break, Break in
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
BTW -  By The Way
CONDX - Conditions
CPI -   Copy
CQ -    Calling any station
CU -    See You
CUAGN - See You Again
CUD  - Could
CUL -  See You later
CW -   Continuous wave
DE -     From, This Is
ES -     And
FB -     Fine Business, excellent
FER -   For
GA -     Good Afternoon
GD -     Good, Good Day
GE -     Good Evening
GM -    Good morning
GN -     Good night
GUD -   Good
HI - The telegraph laugh; High
HW -   How, How Copy?
JA -    Japanese Station
K -       Invitation To Transmit
KN    Go only, invite a specific station to transmit
LID -     A poor operator
OM -    Old man
OP -    Operator
OPR -  Operator
PSE -    Please
PWR -   Power
RIG -    Station equipment
RTTY - Radio teletype
RST -   Readability, strength, tone
SASE -    Self-addressed, stamped envelope
SHUD -   Should
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)
SK -       Silent Key
SKED -   Schedule
SRI -      Sorry
SS -       Sweepstakes
SSB -     Single Side Band
TEMP - Temperature
TEST - Testing or Contest
TKS -    Thanks
TNX -    Thanks
TU -      Thank you
UR -      Your; You're
VFB -    Very fine business
VY -      Very
W -     Watts
WID -   With
WPM - Words Per Minute
WUD - Would
WX-    Weather XCVR -    Transceiver
XMAS -   Christmas
XYL -        Wife
YL -   Young lady
73 -   Best Regards (NOT 73'S) *
Prosigns
<AR>    End of message
<BT>    Separation (break) between address and text; between text and signature.
<HH>    (Error in sending. 8 dits - Transmission continues with last word correctly sent.)
<II>       Short form of above <HH>
<NR>    Number follows
<SK>    Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)

Q-Signals For Amateur Radio Operators
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency? Your exact frequency is ___ kHz.
QRL Are you busy? I am busy, please do not interfere
QRM Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being interfered with ___ (1-Nil, 2-Slightly, 3-Moderately, 4-Severly, 5-Extremely.)
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static ___ (1-5 as under QRM.)
QRP Shall I decrease power? Decrease power.
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (___ WPM.)
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ___.
QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSO Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay? I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___.)
QSY Shall I change to another frequency? Change to another frequency.
QTH What is your location? My location is ___.


Good Luck!
73 NR0U
Lance


May be helpfull: This whole list is immediately clear for me except SS. SS is not used here, has possibly something to do with WW2 just as 55. and above that I dont know what sweep stakes are. Don't like to know it either.

55 Bob
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K5KG
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Posts: 1




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« Reply #10 on: May 22, 2012, 01:37:22 PM »

In contests you will find that some high speed stations, especially the Europeans, will use cut numbers prolifically.  I am a proficient CW op, and I find them confusing if they are anything by A, T and N.   For me, I only use the cut numbers for A (1), T (0), and N (9).

73, George, K5KG
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KB2FCV
Member

Posts: 1296


WWW

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« Reply #11 on: May 22, 2012, 07:03:14 PM »

The only abbreviations I've heard / used for numbers is N for 9 and T for 0. I haven't heard the other number substitutions mentioned.
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