Furthermore, an unlicensed individual may operate an Amamateur station in the United States if a licensed control operator is present. All the identification rules, frequency rules, power rules must be followed and correct operation is the responsibility of the control operator.
It is not the voice (fist) on the air that must be licensed, it is the control operator. There are some third party communicaitons rules to possibly complicate things, but that applies more often to international contacts.
None the less , op has a call sign and must be present during the QSO, so they should be able to answer any questions you may have.
I don't think there are too many, if any, "bootleg ops" on CW.
This is getting way off topic from the original question.